The first art songs appeared in the late eighteenth century and were almost always scored for voice and piano. This was due to the Industrial Revolution, which created a new class of music lovers. These people did not have the money to hire live-in court musicians but they could afford a piano.
The formalist musical style focuses on the study of the musical form. It emphasizes the idea that the “essence” of music lies in the use of forms rather than on emotional content. This style is often referred to as “absolute music” in music theory.
The nonreferentialist musical style is an approach to music that focuses on the autonomy of music rather than its references to other things. Nonreferentialists are also known as formalists or absolutists. The nonreferentialist view began in the 19th century, when Austrian critic Eduard Hanslick published his famous work The Beautiful in Music. Hanslick was an ardent formalist, but he struggled with the issue of how music conveys emotions. According to his view, music conveys emotion through its interval relationships, structure, and harmony.
Expressionist music is a type of music that is experimental and highly dissonant. Its dissonance is meant to convey the deepest recesses of human consciousness. The work of composers like Schoenberg is considered a key example of this style.
The musical style of the Baroque period is an art form that is characterized by a combination of contrast and ornamentation. It was a time of increasing formality, with the separation of sacred and secular music becoming increasingly emphasized. In addition, the growth of secular culture increased the audience for secular music. The style of Baroque pieces varied widely throughout Europe.
Tonal musical style is an art form that emphasizes the use of tones in music. This technique has its roots in classical music. In the 14th century, Peter Lefferts outlined the various tonal types of music.
Popular musical styles are those genres of music that have broad appeal to a large audience. They are distributed through the music industry to a wide variety of people, and are generally accessible to people without any formal musical training. These styles stand in contrast to traditional and art music.